This vignette provides information on how to host the
FossilShinyApp on a web server.
Specifically, while we’ll only look at serving the app on
Debian 11, this guide can easily be adapted for any
Linux based web server and for any app for that
This guide will assume you know basic
bash commands and
have already setup a
ssh connection to your web server.
Let’s start by installing all the dependencies we’ll need to compile
and run our shiny web server. Connect via
ssh to your web
server and install the following packages.
Some dependencies used by
FossilSim require a rather
recent version of
R. At the time of making this, on
debian bullseye, you need a newer version of R rather than
the one supplied by the advanced packaging tool
This means we’ll need to add a
PPA in order to get a more
recent version of
R as to fully support the
FossilSim package, which we obviously need.
First open the file at
/etc/apt/sources.list to add the
PPA to your sources list:
Add the line
deb http://cloud.r-project.org/bin/linux/debian bullseye-cran40/
as shown below to add the
If you are using a different
distro, you can use https://CRAN.R-project.org/bin/linux/ to find the right
Your source file should look like this:
# deb http://mirrors.online.net/debian bullseye main deb http://mirrors.online.net/debian bullseye main non-free contrib deb-src http://mirrors.online.net/debian bullseye main non-free contrib deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib n> deb-src http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contr> # R 4.2.0 deb http://cloud.r-project.org/bin/linux/debian bullseye-cran40/
CTRL+X to quit and
Finally, you can install
apt-get update apt-get install r-base r-base-dev
You can verify your
R version by using the
$ R R version 4.2.0 (2022-04-22) -- "Vigorous Calisthenics"
These are the dependencies you’ll need to build shiny server.
Depending on your distribution they may already be pre-installed.
Python 3.6+, pre-installed on
which python3 to verify it is installed. You should
get something like
/usr/bin/python3 if it’s correctly
sudo apt-get install cmake.
Should be pre-installed. Author’s note: we need
gcc 4.8or newer which means you cannot use this
guide with a
Should be pre-installed.
sudo apt-get install git.
Rpackages we need
R packages used by the app needs to be installed for
all users. This means we need to install both the shiny package and the
FossilSim package for all users.
sudo su - -c "R -e \"install.packages('shiny', repos='https://cran.rstudio.com/')\"" sudo su - -c "R -e \"install.packages('FossilSim')\""
Note: most of this part is referenced from
Once all of the prerequisites have been satisfied, you can use the following commands to download and install Shiny Server.
# Clone the repository from GitHub git clone https://github.com/rstudio/shiny-server.git # Get into a temporary directory in which we'll build the project cd shiny-server mkdir tmp cd tmp # Install our private copy of Node.js ../external/node/install-node.sh # Add the bin directory to the path so we can reference node DIR=`pwd` PATH=$DIR/../bin:$PATH # Use cmake to prepare the make step. Modify the "--DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX" # if you wish the install the software at a different location. cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local ../ # Get an error here? Check the "How do I set the cmake Python version?" question below # Compile native code and install npm dependencies make mkdir ../build (cd .. && ./bin/npm install) # Install the software at the predefined location sudo make install # Install default config file sudo mkdir -p /etc/shiny-server sudo cp ../config/default.config /etc/shiny-server/shiny-server.conf # Place a shortcut to the shiny-server executable in /usr/bin sudo ln -s /usr/local/shiny-server/bin/shiny-server /usr/bin/shiny-server # Create shiny user. On some systems, you may need to specify the full path to 'useradd' sudo useradd -r -m shiny # Create log, config, and application directories sudo mkdir -p /var/log/shiny-server sudo mkdir -p /srv/shiny-server sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/shiny-server sudo chown shiny /var/log/shiny-server sudo mkdir -p /etc/shiny-server # I added this command sudo chown shiny:shiny /var/lib/shiny-server/
/srv/shiny-server directory is where we house our
apps. I recommend creating a new directory:
Then, you can grab the
app.R file, the
/www/ folder and the
/R/ folder from
and copy them to
By default, shiny server is set to use port
3838. Author’s note: I have no idea why they
chose this port.
You’ll need to open the port.
If you are using uncomplicated firewall, you can run the command:
sudo ufw allow 3838
Furthermore you can change the port used in
As you probably noticed, during the installation, we created a new user called shiny. We’ll use this user to start and stop our shiny operations.
Let’s start our shiny server. First, log in as shiny.
If you’ve followed everything correctly, you should be able to start the shiny server by typing:
[2022-05-10T13:56:44.320] [INFO] shiny-server - Shiny Server v18.104.22.168 (Node.js v16.14.0) [2022-05-10T13:56:44.324] [INFO] shiny-server - Using config file "/etc/shiny-server/shiny-server.conf" [2022-05-10T13:56:44.435] [INFO] shiny-server - Starting listener on http://[::]:3838
You should then be able to access your app using any web browser and going to the following web address:
http:// your ip address :3838/FossilSimShiny/