While the other vignette shows you how to use `perccalc`

appropriately, there are instances where there’s just too few categories to estimate percentiles properly. Imagine estimating a distribution of `1:100`

percentiles with only three ordered categories, it just sounds too far fetched.

Let’s load our packages.

For example, take the `survey`

data on smoking habits.

```
smoking_data <-
MASS::survey %>% # you will need to install the MASS package
as_tibble() %>%
select(Sex, Smoke, Pulse) %>%
rename(
gender = Sex,
smoke = Smoke,
pulse_rate = Pulse
)
```

The final results is this dataset:

```
## # A tibble: 237 x 3
## gender smoke pulse_rate
## <fct> <fct> <int>
## 1 Male Never 35
## 2 Female Never 40
## 3 Female Never 48
## 4 Male Never 48
## 5 Female Never 50
## 6 Female Regul 50
## 7 Male Regul 54
## 8 Male Never 55
## 9 Male Never 56
## 10 Male Never 59
## # ... with 227 more rows
```

Note that there’s only four categories in the `smoke`

variable. Let’s try to estimate the percentile difference.

```
smoking_data <-
smoking_data %>%
mutate(smoke = factor(smoke,
levels = c("Never", "Occas", "Regul", "Heavy"),
ordered = TRUE))
perc_diff(smoking_data, smoke, pulse_rate)
```

```
## Warning in perc_diff(smoking_data, smoke, pulse_rate): Too few categories
## in categorical variable to estimate the variance-covariance matrix and
## standard errors. Proceeding without estimated standard errors but perhaps
## you should increase the numberof categories
```

```
## difference se
## 385.1357 NA
```

`perc_diff`

returns the estimated coefficient but also warns you that it’s difficult for the function to estimate the standard error. This happens similarly for `perc_dist`

.

```
## Warning in perc_dist(smoking_data, smoke, pulse_rate): Too few categories
## in categorical variable to estimate the variance-covariance matrix and
## standard errors. Proceeding without estimated standard errors but perhaps
## you should increase the number of categories
```

```
## # A tibble: 6 x 2
## percentile estimate
## <int> <dbl>
## 1 1 24.2
## 2 2 47.8
## 3 3 70.8
## 4 4 93.1
## 5 5 115.
## 6 6 136.
```